Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: For the research review presented here, given the similarity in my definition of these terms and the fact that spirituality in the research has either been measured using questions assessing religion or by items assessing mental health thereby contaminating the construct and causing tautological resultsI will be using religion and spirituality interchangeably i.
A significant positive relation emerges between optimism and coping strategies focused on social support and emphasis on positive aspects of stressful situations.
I have briefly reviewed reasons for inquiring about and addressing spiritual needs in clinical practice, described how to do so, and indicated boundaries across which health professionals should not cross.
The results from some of these studies can be partially explained by better health behaviors less cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, etc. Individual Differences Research, 6 2 In fact, it is thought that optimism facilitates adaptive behaviours and cognitive responses that consent negative information to be elaborated more efficiently and that are associated with greater flexibility and problem-solving capacity [ 3 ].
Historical Background and Introduction Religion, medicine, and healthcare have been related in one way or another in all population groups since the beginning of recorded history [ 1 ].
Social support, in turn, has long been known to protect against disease and increase longevity [ — ]. Low levels of dispositional optimism were observed in students who were particularly vulnerable to the normal difficulties encountered in scholastic environments and who developed intolerance or even hostility towards the school [ 30 ].
Both in fact exert a fundamental role in adaptive management of critical circumstances in life and of goals to reach. In this questionnaire the updated version of the Life Orientation test of pessimism and optimism also known as the LOT-R was used first.
Unrealistically optimistic subjects tend to perceive themselves as being less at risk compared to pessimists, as far as questions of health are concerned, and furthermore believe themselves more capable of preventing such problems from happening [ 4 ].
The results from this research strongly supports the notion that staying positive and believing a goal is attainable can provide desirable outcomes.
These subjects consider themselves to be less at risk than others for developing illnesses associated with smoking which has been interpreted as a form of irrationality or rather, as an expression of optimistic bias. As such, we are dealing with a multidimensional construct that integrates objective and subjective indicators, a wide range of varying contexts of life and individual values.
Wrosch and Scheier [ 34 ] evidenced two variables capable of influencing quality of life: In other words, having a positive outlook on the digestive problems reduced the amount of stress that was magnifying the physical symptoms.
What are the four stages in psychology Can someone help me with these questions, I am having trouble with them. Thus, religious beliefs have the potential to influence the cognitive appraisal of negative life events in a way that makes them less distressing. The results of their research indicated that both types of optimism were associated with an improvement of the symptomatology of AIDS.
Association of optimism-pessimism with quality of life in patients with head and neck and thyroid cancers. Information literacy lesson 2 Which of the following sources likely has the most reliable information?
The optimistic bias has been defined as the result of the joint efforts of two mechanisms.May 14, · OPTIMISM AND PHYSICAL HEALTH. From the literature here reviewed, it is apparent that optimism is a mental attitude that heavily influences physical and mental health, as well as coping with everyday social and working life.
Scheier MF, Carver CS. Self-regulatory processes and responses to health threats: effects of optimism. Find a peer reviewed article which discusses the effects of optimism on physical and psychological health.
(You may need to find two articles in order to cover both. Optimism and Health Melanie Chapman PSY/ April 7, Kathleen Sturgess Optimism and Health In this paper we will be discussing the effects of optimism on both physical and psychological health. We will be gathering our facts from two peer reviewed articles that I researched in the University Library.
The effects of optimism on our physical health are derived from the understanding that stress causes physical symptoms. “Researchers from the University of Wisconsin discovered that when people exhibit negative emotions, their immune response is weakened. Find a peer reviewed article which discusses the effects of optimism on physical and psychological health.
(You may need to find two articles in order to cover both the physical and the psychological areas). Write a to 1,The affects of optimism on psychological and physical health%(2).
Optimism is a factor that works to prevent physical illness by controlling stress levels that affect the functioning of our immune system. Armata and Baldwin () concluded that optimism worked to reduce stress levels that intensified physical digestive problems through the use of efficient coping mechanisms.Download